Percival Landing is 3.38 acres and is one of Olympia's three waterfront parks and is located on the east side of Budd Bay on the southern most tip of Puget Sound. This popular park and tourist destination is in the heart of downtown and is a hub for gatherings, social interaction and public celebrations. It not only contributes to the economic vitality of the central business district, it holds historical and cultural significance to the community.
The Landing includes a 0.9-mile boardwalk extending along the eastern shoreline of West Bay from the Fourth Avenue Bridge to Thurston Avenue. Get Map and Directions.
The park includes:
Percival Landing Park was named after the old commercial steamship wharf, a well-known maritime landmark in the Pacific Northwest. The original dock, built by Sam Percival in 1860, was operated by the Percival Family. The first phase of Percival Landing, as we know it today, was completed and opened in 1978, phase two in 1985, and phase three in 1988.
The City completed acquisition of the former Unocal Tank Farm site in 1996. This additional parkland is now a lawn area used for picnics and gatherings during special events.
In 2004, the City retained the firm of Peratovich, Nottingham and Drage (PND) to evaluate the structural condition of Percival Landing. The study revealed that if nothing was done, eventually the entire facility would need to be closed. This would result in the loss of a treasured recreational and viewing facility, as well as limiting public access to the waterfront.
2005 Concept Plan
2011 Rehabilitation Project
In 2005, the City contracted with Barker Landscape Architecture and artist Elizabeth Conner to assist staff in conducting a community comment process and concept plan. The process included:
- 12 public input sessions
- Environmental and historic focus groups
- Over 1000 community comments
- Coordination with the Squaxin Tribe
A concept design plan, preliminary budget and a funding strategy was adopted by the City Council on January 10, 2006. This plan was created with the thoughtful input from consultants, a project artist, staff, the community, advisory committees, and Squaxin Island Tribe.
In November of 2007, the City contracted with Anchor Environmental to complete design and engineering for a phased approach to reconstructing the landing. The City partnered with Anchor QEA of Seattle, WA to design the new look of Percival Landing. Due to the cost of Section A, the City will complete the construction in phases. Phase 1 construction was completed in August 2011.
|Phase I Funding Sources
||State of WA Legislative Appropriation
||Federal Grant Appropriation
||Washington State Heritage Capital Projects Fund;
Washington State Historical Society
||Washington State ALEA Grant, Recreation & Conservation Office
||City of Olympia
|$14, 182, 310
- Removed over 200 creosote pilings
- Removed wood boardwalk treated with copper and arsenic
- Removed rock and debris in tidal range and replaced with natural material substrate
- Planted 280 lineal feet of shoreline riparian vegetation
- Constructed 2 pavilions that will house future cultural, historical and environmental education features
- Constructed LEED silver certified bathhouse and community rental space
- Reconstructed with non-toxic materials, including steel, concrete and untreated wood
- Installed low energy fixtures for reduced power consumption
- Installed plinths and public art
- Improved public safety and ADA accessibility
- Constructed for 50 year design life and sea level rise
No timeline or funding source has been identified to complete the next phases.
Percival Environmental Clean-up
During the reconstruction of Percival Landing Phase 1 in 2010, petroleum products were discovered along the shoreline. The City implemented a cleanup plan for potentially contaminated soil and also did extensive additional investigation of the project site. The project site was divided into two cleanup sites and the City entered into the Voluntary Cleanup Program for both sites.
The City focused on the northern site. That site was formerly a petroleum distribution site that was first cleaned up in 1995 and received a No Further Action (NFA) letter from Ecology in 2003. The City did additional investigation and contaminated soil removal in 2010 as part of Phase 1 redevelopment. The City received a new No Further Action (NFA) letter from the Department of Ecology for the northern site.
The southern site is essentially The Olympia Center parking lot and some additional shoreline. This site was also a former petroleum distribution site. In addition, there was a underground fuel tank that leaked into the soil in front of the City of Olympia wastewater pump station. Contamination on this site is presumed to come from both the former petroleum distribution activities as well as the former fuel storage tank. As part of the Phase 1 Reconstruction work in 2010, the City conducted extensive investigation and contaminated soil removal. That work was followed up with a Remedial Investigation Feasibility Study (RI/FS) that was submitted to Ecology. Ecology provided an Opinion letter for that report. The City is now in the process of selecting a consultant to conduct the additional investigation required by Ecology, prepare a revised RI/FS and prepare a Cleanup Action Plan (CAP) for the site.
Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study Report - April 2013
WA State Department of Ecology Opinion - March 2014